Technology has played an important role in the historical development of journalism. Today, the linkage between technology and journalism is as deep and complex as ever. Technologies that were in early development just two decades ago—if they existed at all—have transformed key aspects of contemporary news production, distribution, and consumption and challenged foundational theories of mass communication, from gatekeeping to information flow. They have led to the development of new forms of journalistic labor that are “technologically specific,” or defined by and dependent upon technology. They have also changed how scholars approach the study of journalism.